It is a term used to describe a group of symptoms that a patient suffers when the efficiency of the cardiac muscle decreases in delivering sufficient blood and oxygen to all parts of the body and may be associated with manifestations of fluid retention within the body.
If you, dear patient, suffer from this disease, you should pay attention to the following:
- Full commitment to the treatment prescribed to you by the attending physician.
- Do not discontinue, or replace any medication until after consulting the attending physician.
- If you suffer from any side effects from medications, do not stop taking them, but ask a doctor.
- Commitment to healthy nutrition and diet appropriate to your condition, and refrain completely from putting salt on the food, because salt makes the body retain water, which leads to swelling of the extremities and water gathering in the lungs and around the heart.
- You can replace salt with fresh lemon juice, or add flavors or spices to add flavor to your food.
- Most foods contain salt even if you do not feel its presence, such as soft and non-colored soft drinks, beer, strength drinks, camel milk and canned food, so you should refrain from eating it.
- You must adhere to the amount of fluids allowed to you by the attending physician, which can range from (1-1.5 liters) almost daily.
- Liquids include all drinks such as (water – fresh juice – tea – coffee – soup – milk, etc.)
- Avoid obesity and try to maintain the ideal weight in order to reduce the stress on the heart muscle.
- It is important to exercise physically as regularly as you can and after consulting the attending physician, stop immediately if you feel shortness of breath or chest pain.
- You should take enough rest and relaxation every day and try to avoid stress as much as possible.
- You should stop smoking and drinking alcohol, as this reduces the stress on the heart muscle and improves your symptoms.
- Weight control on a weekly basis, when the weight increases more than 3 kg and if the increase was accompanied by swelling of the feet or a feeling of shortness of breath, don’t hesitate to contact your attending physician .
Refer to the nearest emergency department in the following conditions:
- When you feel difficulty in breathing or coughing, whether during sleep or relaxation, or when making an effort.
- Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet.
- Flatulence due to fluid accumulation.
- Fast heart rate (palpitations), dizziness, severe sweating
- When noticing an abnormal increase in body weight in a short period