Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Apr 8, 2020

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Apr 8, 2020

Dear patient,

In the interest of the center’s administration in informing you about the service provided to you, we would like to provide you with an idea of ​​the measures taken in relation to the anesthesia

The night before the surgery,

The on-site anesthesiologist will visit you to know you, talk to you and answer every question you have about the anesthesia procedures. The anesthesiologist will review your medical history through you or any member of your family. He will determine all that relates to anesthesia and surgery such as laboratory tests or diagnostic procedures and even ensure for you to sleep quietly on surgery night we will give you some mild sedatives.

On the morning of the surgery,

  • You will be taken to the operating room on the first floor, where the medical team including: cardiac surgeon, cardiac anesthesia consultant, and nursing staff, will receive you.
  • After reviewing your medical record and verifying your identity, you will be entered into the operating room where two small catheters are inserted under a local anesthetic into your hands to be anesthetized through them, as well as some stickers on parts of your body to monitor the EKG, pressure and oxygen.
  • After ensuring that everything is under close observation, we will begin to numb you so that you will no longer feel anything and after your anesthesia an endotracheal tube will be inserted for artificial respiration, as well as a tube intended for fluid withdrawal in addition to the central venous catheters to facilitate monitoring the heart and giving fluids and cardiac stimulants.
  • After completing the surgery, you will be taken carefully and carefully with the medical team, to the intensive care room, on the second floor, in preparation for recovery.
  • You will remain under anesthesia until your vital signs are stabilized, and then you are gradually disconnected from the ventilator to restore awareness.
  • For an unlimited period of time, which is linked to the stability of the heart condition, you will stay in the surgical intensive care department until we are assured of your safety, and we will transfer you to your room in the third floor for men or the fourth floor for women.

What is the process of coronary artery transformation?

It is a cardiac surgery in which an alternative blood vessel will be used from the patient’s body to make a bypass on the coronary arteries narrowing the heart and the bypass becomes a new way through which blood will flow to the heart muscle.

What are the necessary arrangements before the operation?

  • You will be informed about the date of the surgery by the surgeon.
  • The process will be explained in detail by the health education department.
  • You will be notified of fasting from twelve o’clock at night (operation night).
  • The nursing assistant will shave all parts of the body from the chest to the end of the leg.
  • If you are diabetic, the responsible nurse will put nutrients in specific proportions for the diabetic according to the surgeon’s orders.
  • On the morning of the operation, the patient will be called by the operation department staff.

How is the operation performed?

  • The coronary artery bypass surgery is done in a period ranging between three and five hours that varies from one patient to another. The surgeon opens the chest to reach the heart and then removes one of the blood vessels from the patient’s chest and the other from the leg and connects one end of the blood vessel to the aorta (the large artery outside) From the heart and then reaches the other end of the coronary artery, below the blockage site, so that blood can flow back through the new canal.
  • After the procedure is completed, you will be transferred to the surgical intensive care for a period ranging between two to three days (the time varies from patient to patient)
  • After the condition stabilizes, you will be transferred from the care to cardiac ward, as mentioned previously.